Keyboard – 5 Types of Keys found in Computer Keyboard

Keyboard – 5 Types of Keys found in Computer Keyboard

Today, In this post we will learn all about Types of Keys Found in Computer Keyboard in detail.


Keyboard is used in entering data into the computer. It can type numbers, words, special character and symbols. It makes our work easier. The name “QWERTY” for our computer keyboard comes from the first six letters in the keyboard.

Keyboard - 5 Types of Keys found in Computer Keyboard
Keyboard – 5 Types of Keys found in Computer Keyboard

5 Types of Keys found in Computer Keyboard


5 Types of Keys found in Computer Keyboard – Discuss in detail

Alphabet Key – There are 26 alphabet key for 26 letters which helps in writing words which form sentences, paragraph, essay etc.


Number key – There are 20 number keys found in the keyboard. If you count only on the top of the keyboard there are 10 keys but if your keyboard has numeric keypad then there are total 20 number keys. For eg. 0 to 9 .

Number key
Number key

Symbols – There are 32 symbol key. Some of the examples of symbol keys are ! , @ # $ % ^ & * ( ) : ” > < ? { } | + _ ~ etc.

Symbol key
Symbol key

Function Key – There are 12 function key. Some of them are F1, F2, F3… etc. They are the keys that have a special function defined by the operating system, or by a currently running program.

Function key
Function key

Special Key – There are 14 special key. Some of the examples of special keys are space bar, enter, backspace, caps lock etc.

5 Types of Keys Found in Computer Keyboard
5 Types of Keys Found in Computer Keyboard

As we know computer is used in our everyday life so before using it we should know the functions of each and every key to make your work easier. Many times, users can be confused as these keys may be unfamiliar. Let’s look at each key one by one.



Space Bar
  • Used to give space between two words.
  • It’s always the largest and longest key on the keyboard
  • It is also used to pause video.
  • It is used to change line.
  • Pressing Enter activates the currently selected button or option.
  • In other words we can say that, Press Enter to move the cursor to the beginning of the next line. In a dialog box, press Enter to select the highlighted button.
  • Used to delete any text.
  • It is also used to back the cursor.
  • The key that you press on a keyboard to move one space backwards in a document
Caps lock 
  • Used for fully capital typing
  • By pressing Caps lock key will set a keyboard mode in which typed letters are capitalized.
  • By pressing again caps lock key we can switch keyboard mode off.
  • For example, if you press the Caps Lock key to enable Caps Lock, every letter you type on the keyboard will be automatically capitalized until you press it again to disable it.
  • Used to change column.
  • It is also used in moving the cursor into the next cell.
Esc [ Escape ]
  • It is used to remove any messages or close the information.
  • It is also used in exiting from the game or an app.
  • A key on computer keyboards, usually labeled Esc.
  • Pressing the Escape key usually cancels or aborts
    the current operation.
  • It is used in deleting the selected text.
  • Also used in delete any file, folder or selected text.
PgUp [ page up ]
  • Used to up the page
PgDn [ page down ]
  • Used to down the page
Shift Key
  • The key that you press on a computer keyboard when you want to write a capital letter.
  • By pressing shift key from one finger and entering the alphabet from another finger.
  • Used to type from starting.
  • Used to type from last.
Num Lock
  • Used to lock number key.
PrntScr [ Print Screen ]
  • Used to capture the screen.
  • Same as screenshot.
Arrow key
  • By pressing the arrow key we can move the cursor Up, down, left and right.
  • There are eight arrow keys.
Ctrl [ Control key ]
  • A key on a computer keyboard that is used in combination with other keys for doing particular operations.
  • For eg. Ctrl + S, Ctrl+ V etc.
  • Window Key is used to open start in which various application are shown.
  • Opens a help screen when this key is pressed.
  •  Renames selected file
  • Opens the file search box
  •  ­ Opens the address bar in Windows Explorer
  •  ­ Refreshes the screen in Windows Explorer
  •  Navigates between different sections of a Windows Explorer window
  • Commonly used to spell check and grammar check in a document
  • Used to enter the windows startup menu commonly used to access windows safe mode.
  • Refresh document in Microsoft Word
  •  It activates the menu bar of an open application.
  • Opens full screen mode in Explorer
  • Open the Save as window in Microsoft Word
Fn + F1
  • Connect/ disconnect projector / LED/ LCD
Fn + F2
  • Wifi on / off
Fn + F3
  • Enable / disable mouse
Fn + F4
  • Brightness low
Fn + F5
  • Brightness high
Fn + F8
  • Back [ media key ]
Fn + F9
  • Play / pause [ media key ]
Fn + F10
  • Next [ media key ]
Fn + F11Volume low
Fn + F12Volume high
  •  It is used in when the cursor, when typing, overwrites any text that is present on and after its current location.
  • Tilde
  • Grave accent
  • Exclamation mark
  • At the rate
  • Hash tag
  • Pound Sterling or Pound symbol.
  • Euro
  • Dollar
  • Cent sign
  • Yuan
  • Micro or section
  • Percentage
  • Degree
  • Circumflex
  • and
  • Multiplication symbol
  • Open bracket
  • Close bracket
  • Dash, minus or hyphen
  • Underscore
  • Addition
  • Equal
  • Open bracket
  • Close bracket
  • Open bracket
  • Close bracket
  • Vertical Bar
  • Back slash
  • Forward slash
  • Colon
  • Semi colon
  • Inverted comma
  • Apostrophe
  • Less than
  • Greater than
  • Comma
  • Period, dot or full stop
  • Question mark
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Keyboard – 5 Types of Keys found in Computer Keyboard